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PNAS May 21, 2013 vol. 110 no. 218349-8356

Ten principles for a landscape approach to reconciling agriculture, conservation, and other competing land uses

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  • PNAS

Date

May 21, 2013

Short Summary

This paper outlines the 10 key principles of a landscape approach as it is currently interpreted. These principles emphasize adaptive management, stakeholder involvement, and multiple objectives. Various constraints are recognized, with institutional and governance concerns identified as the most severe obstacles to implementation.

Summary

What is the Landscape Approach?

“Landscape approaches” seek to provide tools and concepts for allocating and managing land to achieve social, economic, and environmental objectives in areas where agriculture, mining, and other productive land uses compete with environmental and biodiversity goals.

This article synthesizes the current consensus on landscape approaches, based on published literature and a consensus-building process to define good practice, and finally validated by a survey of practitioners.

Refined in Response to Increased Concern for Sustainable Development

The paper finds the landscape approach has been refined in response to increasing societal concerns about environment and development tradeoffs. Notably, there has been a shift from conservation-orientated perspectives toward increasing integration of poverty alleviation goals.

The paper outlines the 10 key principles of a landscape approach as it is currently interpreted. These principles emphasize adaptive management, stakeholder involvement, and multiple objectives. Various constraints are recognized, with institutional and governance concerns identified as the most severe obstacles to implementation.