The CARE-WWF Alliance has been a pioneer in integrating conservation and development programming. Formed in 2008, the global partnership of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and CARE aims to empower and positively transform the lives of the poor, while protecting and restoring healthy, resilient ecosystems. During the past ten years, the Alliance has focused on creating positive dynamics between livelihoods and the conservation of natural resources and ecosystems in northern Mozambique, southern Tanzania and two large landscapes in central and eastern Nepal.
In Mozambique, the Alliance has worked in coastal ecosystems where fisheries, mangrove forests and smallholder agriculture form the basis of local livelihood strategies. The Alliance’s work in Tanzania has focused primarily on forests and smallholder agriculture systems, and recently has expanded to the Great Ruaha River Basin where livestock herding is mixed with smallholder farming. In Nepal, CARE-WWF has partnered with other international and national organizations in a long-term initiative to build ecosystem resilience and livelihood security for vulnerable populations in the context of climate change in landscapes that host iconic biodiversity. This report synthesizes strategic lessons from the Alliance’s recent decade of programming in the three countries, and proposes generic frameworks to help guide future programming.
The report is informed by a set of lessons learned briefs that summarize project experience, evidence and lessons in integrating conservation and development sectors and best practices for scaling.